Collaborative VR for liver surgery planning

Preoperative planning for liver surgery is a critical procedure to assess a potential resection and it supports surgeons to define the affected vessels and resection volume. Traditional surgical planning systems are widely used to support the planning with the usage of desktop-based 3D and 2D visualizations. However, desktop-based systems offer limited interactions and visualizations compared to virtual reality (VR). In this work, we present a collaborative VR prototype to support liver surgery planning with intuitive interactions.

Collaborative Virtual Reality for Laparoscopic Liver Surgery Training

Virtual reality (VR) has been used in many medical training systems for surgical procedures. However, the current systems are limited due to inadequate interactions, restricted possibilities of patient data visualization, and collaboration. We propose a collaborative VR system for laparoscopic liver surgical planning and simulation. Medical image data is used for model visualization and manipulation. Additionally, laparoscopic surgical joysticks are used to provide an opportunity for a camera assistant to cooperate with an experienced surgeon in VR. Continuous clinical feedback led us to optimize the visualization, synchronization, and interactions of the system. Laparoscopic surgeons were positive about the systems’ usefulness, usability, and system performance. Additionally, limitations and potential for further development are discussed.

Toward interprofessional team training

In this work, a virtual environment for interprofessional team training in laparoscopic surgery is proposed. Our objective is to provide a tool to train and improve intraoperative communication between anesthesiologists and surgeons during laparoscopic procedures.

An anesthesia simulation software and laparoscopic simulation software are combined within a multi-user virtual reality (VR) environment. Furthermore, two medical training scenarios for communication training between anesthesiologists and surgeons are proposed and evaluated. Testing was conducted and social presence was measured. In addition, clinical feedback from experts was collected by following a think-aloud protocol and through structured interviews.